Home > History, India, Indian Economy, Media, Social Trends > Focus on landless farmer, deprived tribal – not Maoist-Naxalite

Focus on landless farmer, deprived tribal – not Maoist-Naxalite

Peasants and tribals who have lost lands in the last 800 years, that they owned earlier, are now being used by Maoists for a power grab..

Hot air will not help any more  |  Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source & courtesy - indiatimes.com  |  Click for image.

Hot air will not help any more | Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source & courtesy – indiatimes.com | Click for image.

Recovering from a heart ailment in January 1965, a little-known communist activist in a small town at the foothills of the Himalayas propounded the first of his eight theses for an armed struggle. Written in the backdrop of the 1964 split in the communist movement, worsening food crisis and a radical mood in Europe, Latin America and much of Asia, Charu Mazumdar’s documents laid the foundation of what would constitute the severest internal security challenge to India almost halfa-century down the line.

Had North Block cared to trace the genesis of the ultra-Left insurgency, they would have found that much of the Maoist mayhem closely followed Mazumdar’s script. The rare documents seem to have provided the guidelines to the Maoists for their recent strikes.

His first thesis, completed on January 28, 1965, instructed the communist cadre to set up secret and armed ‘activist groups’ in rural areas. The second thesis called for creating ‘liberated zones’ where ‘class enemies’ had been eliminated. The next paper gave a direct call for taking to arms to liberate more and more areas. The fourth paper emphasises on clandestine organisation to wage the armed struggle. In the fifth document, he asked the Maoist cadre—at that time a breakaway faction from the CPM—to be armed, to set up secret units and politicise the followers. Even before he could complete the fifth thesis, Mazumdar was arrested in September 1965. In the sixth thesis, he rejected the system of parliamentary democracy and criticised the conventional Left’s practice of organising strikes in industry. In his last two documents, he recognized the importance of drafting the students and youths from middle-class homes for ‘revolutionary’ activity, called for concentrating on rural areas. (via Charu’s theses – Naxals’ driving force).

Sloganeering can't solve this problem!  |  Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source & courtesy - indiatimes.com  |  Click for image.

Sloganeering can’t solve this problem! | Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source & courtesy – indiatimes.com | Click for image.

The Maoist red herring

The Naxalites-Maoists have hijacked the tribal peasant efforts to reclaim land usurped by (mainly) the Islamic and the British rulers in India. What the peasant and the tribal want is undisputed property right – the very thing that Marxists want to destroy. Like they demonstrated in Nandigram, West Bengal, when prime fertile land was taken away from farmers and handed over for ‘development.’

West Bengal should be an eye opener

What the Marxists want is complete control over the (at least) economic lives of the tribal and peasants – like we have seen in West Bengal. Marx himself thought that peasants were like a ‘sack of potatoes.’ The Maoists-Naxalite are stepping into the vacuum created by the Indian State – by a simple expedient of ‘aligning’ with the tribal and farmers against a ‘common enemy’!

It is the Indian State and polity which has done nothing for years – except trample on the property rights of the Indian peasants and tribal. From West Bengal to Orissa, from MP to Andhra Pradesh!

The Indian State has lost sight of rthe problem!

The Indian State has lost sight of the problem!

From Stalinist Russia in British arms

Fleeing from Stalinist Russia, after his arrival in India, MN Roy became a useful tool in British hands. It would do well to remember how the British and the Communists (like MN Roy) supported each other. It was the CPI that fathered some of these movements just before and after Indian independence. Starting with actions in  the then Travancore and the Nizam State and in Travancore. MN Roy’s understanding of Indian history is completely clear, when he wrote,

“The Mohammedan power was consolidated in India not so much by the valour of the invaders’ arms as owing to the propagation of the Islamic faith and the progressive significance of Islamic laws.

The Indian Government, by marshalling the might of the State against the Maoist-Naxal is possibly again losing sight of the real problem.

The landless Indian farmer and the deprived Indian tribal!

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