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Posts Tagged ‘India’

Rape Metrics: A Global Comparison

December 25, 2012 9 comments

I am all for a ban on tinted windows in all vehicles, if any one can guarantee even a minor reduction in rape cases.

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Assuming parity in definition, India on a population that is 400% larger has a rape incident ratio which are 24% of US. | Graphic source - hindustantimes.com; Hindustan Times e-Paper dated 2012-12-23 accessed at 17-29-59.

Assuming parity in definition, India on a population that is 400% larger has a rape incident ratio which are 24% of US. | Graphic source – hindustantimes.com; Hindustan Times e-Paper dated 2012-12-23 accessed at 17-29-59.

rotesters and activistas have semi-successfully projected the Delhi gang-rape case as representative of India, Indian society and Indian governance – as detailed in the previous post.

Fog & Noise

In the din of protests and clamour, on the Delhi gang-rape case, facts and data have become less than important.

There is wide availability of data in public domain – and across countries.

Cross country comparisons will quickly dispel claims that these protesters and activistas are making.

Indian rape metrics are skewed by the definition - where consenting teenage marriage is defined as rape. Per Capita rape cases across the world  |  Graphic - timesofindia.com on Dec 21, 2012, 02.47AM IST

Indian rape metrics are skewed by the definition – where consenting teenage marriage is defined as rape. Per Capita rape cases across the world | Graphic – timesofindia.com on Dec 21, 2012, 02.47AM IST

The five major factors are: –

  1. Definition
  2. Incidence
  3. Investigation
  4. Prosecution
  5. Conviction

Definition

Under a liberal-progressive overload, Indian laws that cover rape have been overwhelmed by illogical laws.

In the 70s and the 80s, under World Bank, IMF guidance, and the pressure from AID-India consortium of Western nations to curb population ‘explosion’, child marriage were ‘discouraged’.

To further stigmatize child marriage, sex between consenting female below 18, is now classified as rape.

If a girl below 18 has sex, in marriage or otherwise, in the eyes of Indian law, is rape.

Under-age marriages and attempts to marry have inflated rape statistics in India.

Similar inflation in rape statistics has occurred in Sweden for instance – with an accompanying reduction in conviction.

Break up of rape incidents across India  |  Graphic - thehindu.com in NEW DELHI, October 28, 2011

Break up of rape incidents across India | Graphic – thehindu.com in NEW DELHI, October 28, 2011

Incidence

The National Crime Records Bureau has estimated more than 90% of ‘rape’ cases involve neighbours, relatives, and known people.

Many of these cases are prima facie, cases of opportunistic withdrawal of consent.

Long-term marital relationships in India are forged under community and parental supervision and intervention.

In cases, parental and societal pressure is enough for a female to withdraw consent – opening doors to criminal registration and prosecution.

At times, the withdrawal of consent is also a means of gaining financial benefit.

Police, Police – Everywhere

With investigation is the question of prevention.

Empty demands have been made for better police patrolling, CCTV cameras, more supervision and vigilance. As can be seen, India has low or lower rape-incidents than most of the world.

Do these activistas want to turn India into a Police State? Into a society riven by gender conflict!

Do they want replace a concerned citizenry with a domineering police force? Instead of citizen vigilance, these activistas want us to believe that the police can do a better job.

Graphic courtesy - intoday.in

Graphic courtesy – intoday.in

There are increasing demands for CCTV installations. The West and China are now practically surveillance societies – where, with facial recognition software, police officials will be able keep most of the people under surveillance.

Is that what these protesters and activistas want? Have all these CCTV cameras in the West stopped rape in those countries? Are rape incidents lesser in those surveillance societies?

As the data in the graphic shows, this is neither true – nor logical. If a few rapes are committed in moving vehicles, will we stop vehicles from moving? Or men from moving? Or women from moving around!

Demands for ban on tinted glass windows in Delhi is another demand. Delhi which faces searing heat for 5 months in a summer – needs tinted glasses. Do we want millions of Delhi commuters to steam in higher temperatures to gain psychological comfort?

Forget about elimination of rape – or even a major reduction.

I am all for a ban on tinted windows in all vehicles, if any one can guarantee even a minor reduction in rape cases.

Conviction levels in rape cases varies between 20% to 50% globally. Few exceptions apart. Rape convictions in India are at a higher ratio than general criminal convictions which are at  17%(TBC).. Defines as the number of convictions as a percentage of the total number of completed prosecutions that year.  |  Graphic & caption source - thehindu.com

Conviction levels in rape cases varies between 20% to 50% globally. Few exceptions apart. Rape convictions in India are at a higher ratio than general criminal convictions which are at 17%(TBC).. Defines as the number of convictions as a percentage of the total number of completed prosecutions that year. | Graphic & caption source – thehindu.com

Exaggerate! Overheat

This exaggeration in reaction can be seen in the recent media coverage of rape in Haryana.

Attempting to tar traditional khap panchayats, the media ran a villification campaign on rape in Haryana – whereas there were other states in India with higher occurrence – and lower conviction ratios.

Many of these protests have been organized by NGOs – many funded by sources that are suspect.

Why did the US pay attention to one rape in New Delhi.

2ndkook posts on Delhi gang-rape case


India’s cricket debacle – The real story

January 15, 2012 4 comments

India’s disastrous tours to England and Australia have left fans, players and the administration wondering. What is the real story? 2ndlook to the rescue …

Mahendra Dhoni has lost hair - and greyed in a matter of a few years. The stress has taken its toll. Has he lost the plot?  |  Image courtesy - firstpost.com  |  Click for source image.

Mahendra Dhoni has lost hair - and greyed in a matter of a few years. The stress has taken its toll. Has he lost the plot? | Image courtesy - firstpost.com | Click for source image.

The poor Indian cricket fan

The inexplicable collapse of the India’s cricket team on the English and the Australian tours has evoked usual ‘explanations’ and standard ‘solutions’.

Losing 4 test matches in England and the first 3 test matches in Australia for a world champion team needs more than usual ‘explanations’ and standard ‘solutions’.

The answer is staring in the face – but strangely, no one is talking of that. Before coming to the answer let us look at current debate.

Duncan Fletcher is the problem

Many commentators include Duncan Fletcher in the problem area – and credit Gary Kirsten, the previous coach with all the successes. Logically, if Gary Kirsten was so good, South Africa, his new team would not give the standard performance that they did against Sri Lanka.

In fact, Sri Lanka won their first ever test in South Africa – after Gary Kirsten became the South African coach.

Similarly, there is no evidence that Duncan Fletcher has done anything that can explain this non-performance.

The poor Indian cricket fan is bewildered by this turn in performance. | Cartoon by Ajit Ninan. Source and courtesy - ksurendran.wordpress.com | Click for larger image.

The poor Indian cricket fan is bewildered by this turn in performance. | Cartoon by Ajit Ninan. Source and courtesy - ksurendran.wordpress.com | Click for larger image.

Senior players must be axed

Knives are out for two of the three senior players in the team, Rahul Dravid and VVS Laxman. Their stupendous performance till the 2011 world cup was the talk of town – and it believed that they would go on for ever.

Critics also forget that the selectors did drop a senior like Harbhajan – who was usually a ‘performer’ against the Australians.

This seniors-must-be-axed theory also does not explain the non-performance by younger players.

Indians hash their trips abroad

Indian cricket team does not have a good record of wins in overseas locations.

This is usually related to the fact that pitches and playing conditions are different – and unless adequate warm-up games are played, players have difficulties in adjusting to the new playing conditions. Weather, food, and social life play are a part in this.

This argument has some merit. Gary Kirsten did take an unusual step of sending Rahul Dravid and (and VVS Laxman), if the I remember correctly, early to South Africa for acclimatization.

Kris Srikanth must work on the principle of two peaks in 18 months  |  Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source and courtesy - timescontent.com  |  Click for larger source image.

Kris Srikanth must work on the principle of two peaks in 18 months | Cartoon by Ajit Ninan; source and courtesy - timescontent.com | Click for larger source image.

Dhoni is not the captain that he was

There is also a small section of thinking that puts Dhoni in the problem basket.

Apart from nit-picking, there is little evidence that Dhoni has handled the team and resources badly. Putting up more than 350 runs only once in the last 7 overseas tests is evidence of a performance problem.

And not a captaincy problem.

Catch-all theories

There is also the general ‘BCCI is the root of all evil’ theory – which is neither here nor there.

Then there are those who do a mix-and-match of the above three parameters. Plus there are others who think that since cricketers are over-paid glamor boys, having made their money, they finally don’t care.

Solutions for this non-performance also flow from the above definitions. These solutions range from getting younger players, planning for more trips abroad, prepare fast pitches in India, change the captain, et al.

Since non-performance is the issue, performance management is what we will need to look at.

BCCI has not seen two years in the future and accounted for 'peaking' of the cricket team.  |  Cartoon source & courtesy - timescontent.com  |  Click for source image.

BCCI has not seen two years in the future and accounted for 'peaking' of the cricket team. | Cartoon source & courtesy - timescontent.com | Click for source image.

Indian Cricket calendar

The Indian cricket team has played 6 significant tournaments in calendar year 2011 – South Africa, World Cup, IPL, England, West Indies – and now in Australia.

Five of these six tournaments (against South Africa, World Cup, IPL, England and Australia) were with world class teams and players – except against a sapped and depleted West Indies team. In between these tournaments, they have had a break of 1-2 weeks.

A usual factory worker, gets nearly 100 days off in a year in a predictable manner. Compared to that Indian team players have got 60 days of break in a 365 days. Rest of the time, they have been in a multi-week contests.

Achieving peak performance

In tennis, 3 of the four Grand Slam events in tennis are clumped together in 120 days of May-September of each year. As a result,

A number of high-achievement players have failed to achieve the Career Grand Slam. Björn Borg never won the US Open or the Australian Open. John McEnroe never won the Australian Open or the French Open. Ken Rosewall, Guillermo Vilas, Ivan Lendl, Monica Seles, Mats Wilander, and Justine Henin failed to win Wimbledon. Pete Sampras, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Jimmy Connors, Boris Becker, Stefan Edberg, Martina Hingis, and Lindsay Davenport failed to win the French Open. Evonne Goolagong Cawley never won the US Open, and Helen Wills Moody and Althea Gibson never won the Australian Open. (via Grand Slam (tennis) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; accessed on 15th January, 2011 @14:30 IST).

After years of lack of Grand Slam winners, in 1982 the International Tennis Federation (ITF) relaxed the definition of Grand Slam winner. From winning all 4 tournaments in a calendar year, to consecutive winner, which may spread over a period of two calendar years.

Even after the easier definition, no male tennis players has made the grade of a grand slam in a non-calendar yea. Rod Laver remains the most recent male grand-slam winner in 1969 – more than 40 years ago.

Looking at this picture of over-played cricketers, Indian fans can take heart … and some hope.

Now let us look at what sports performance management theory says.

Performance management theory

Over the last 50 years, sports has worked on the principle that sportsmen must prepare for a peak in a year.

Keep in mind that you can have many “peaks” during the year and during the season, but most elite athletes aim for one primary event or goal, and plan the rest of the training season around that. Recreational athletes can easily have multiple peaks of a lesser degree. This is common if you race many different “fun runs” during the summer. If you are on a recreational league or team you probably have a built-in season, and your training is planned so you continually improve and peak during play-offs or a final event. (via Race Day Preparation – How to Peak for Races and Events).

Sports trainers refer to this system of training as ‘periodization.’

Periodization is an organized approach to training that involves progressive cycling of various aspects of a training program during a specific period.

Training should be organized and planned in advance of a competition or performance. It should consider the athlete’s potential, his/her performance in tests or competition, and calendar of competition.

The annual plan is important in that it directs and guides athletic training over a year. It is based on the concept of periodization and the principles of training.

Preparatory Phase

This phase consists of the general preparation and specific preparation. Usually the general preparation is the longer of the two phases.

Competitive Phase

This phase may contain a few main competitions each containing a pre-competitive and a main competition. Within the main competition, an uploading phase and a special preparatory phase may be included.

Transition Phase

This phase is used to facilitate psychological rest, relaxation and biological regeneration as well as to maintain an acceptable level of general physical preparation. This phase lasts between 3 – 4 weeks (maybe longer) but should not exceed 5 weeks under normal conditions. (via Sports periodization – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.).


WWII Propaganda: 70 years later

October 31, 2011 2 comments

Ceaseless propaganda – the one weapon that the Desert Bloc never tires of using. 70 years after the start of WWII, the propaganda continues.

At least this Nazi was correct about Churchill. The caption: “I am the friend of all the small countries!” Winston Churchill removes his mask. A standard Nazi propaganda argument was that England used smaller nations, tossing them aside when they were no longer useful.  Source and courtesy : bytwerk.com). Click for larger image.

At least this Nazi was correct about Churchill. The caption: “I am the friend of all the small countries!” Winston Churchill removes his mask. A standard Nazi propaganda argument was that England used smaller nations, tossing them aside when they were no longer useful. Source and courtesy : bytwerk.com). Click for larger image.

Trade wars are, perhaps, the most serious threats to the global economic order. Because of that, they are also the least likely. So, while the current rumblings in Beijing and Washington may lead to increased frictions, even economically ignorant politicians will not do anything drastic.

Both Germany and Japan tried in the 1930s to limit unemployment and political vulnerability by maximising domestic production and restricting imports. But, since World War II, economic activity has increasingly crossed political borders. (via Mutually assured destruction).

Is this plain ignorance?

Given that Reuters is a British news agency, the propaganda motive can never be discounted. The author forgets that Germany, home of the automobile (inventors of petrol and diesel engines, and the motor car itself), Italy and Japan were significantly industrialized countries before WWII. These countries were shut out of colonial markets with high tariff barriers by Britain and France.

In India

Even after crippling tariffs, industry from Germany, Italy and Japan was able to stand up to British and French products. For instance during the Great Depression, the British Raj imposed a towering 75% duty on Japanese mill cloth to India – which was becoming highly popular. In turn the Japanese stopped buying cotton from India. British mills made a killing by then buying Indian cotton at throwaway prices.

What of the Lees-Mody Pact?

While the Churchill Norman extraction of gold continued to bleed the Indian peasant, such trade barriers further damaged the Indian economy. Edward Hadas surely knows this.

Why this propaganda – 70 years after the start of WWII?

Missionaries of ‘Progress’

October 29, 2011 2 comments

NGOs have replaced the Church. Instead of Jesus, Western missionaries now peddle ‘progress’, ‘democracy,’ ‘freedom’.

Western wars and missionaries now wage war for 'democracy', 'progress', 'freedom' - instead of Jesus. (Cartoon source and courtesy - polyp.org.uk). Click for larger image.

Western wars and missionaries now wage war for 'democracy', 'progress', 'freedom' - instead of Jesus. (Cartoon source and courtesy - polyp.org.uk). Click for larger image.

No comment

Parag Tope, a regular reader and critic, of 2ndlook, starts writing in Quicktakes.

His first post

ICA and Paul Polak

met someone here in san fran who wanted me to come to an ICA meeting which hosted Prashant Bhushan on saturday…

…looks like ICA and some precursors to ICA (including guys like Polak) have been the NGOs/liberal missionaries who want to bring “progress” to India…

…when Ramdev announced his bharat swabhman movement last year – hazare and his “backers” joined in… they made important proclamations on nov 4, 2010… as soon as ram dev announced his june date for ramlila in jab/feb 2011, hazare moved out and announced his own fast in april…


American Journalist Cleared of Libel Against Indian PM

October 16, 2011 1 comment

A global scam much bigger than 2G. Only old 2ndlookers have read about this.

George Bush (satire - http://goo.gl/cpPBK ) had promised that Morarjee Desai would be on Mount Rushmore.

George Bush (satire - http://goo.gl/cpPBK ) had promised that Morarjee Desai would be on Mount Rushmore.

In his 1983 book, ”The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House,” Mr. Hersh wrote that Mr. Desai, India’s Prime Minister from 1977 to 1979, received $20,000 a year from the C.I.A. during the Johnson and Nixon administrations in exchange for information on Indian foreign policy and domestic politics. Mr. Hersh based his claim on information supplied by six confidential sources. (via U.S. Journalist Cleared of Libel Charge by Indian – New York Times).

CIA ‘bought’ Indian politicians

For years together, Morarji Desai was charged with being in CIA pay – even before Seymour Hersh’s book. Indian newspapers, Parliament, everyone discussed this. Seymour Hersh, an American investigator claimed that Morarjee Desai was in CIA pay.

When Seymour Hersh ‘revealed’ this in his book, Morarji Desai sued – filed a case in US courts and subsequently died. Henry Kissinger, appearing at Morarji Desai’s request, made a bald defence of Morarjee Desai.

But, importantly, why would the US recruit Morarji Desai – and then leak that information? This information could not have become public knowledge without information leak by the US.

Chains of Gold

Morarji was a threat to the US-administered global financial system, based on Bretton Woods Agreement.

The promise of the Bretton Woods system was stability. The dollar would be backed by gold. Under Bretton Woods system, anyone could (except Indians and Americans) buy an ounce of gold from the USA for US$35 – managed by the the London Pool system. USA promised the world that they will redeem the US dollar for gold – at a rate of US$35. Only US had enough gold to make that promise. More than 20,000 tons.

Soon, the USA was bleeding gold.

The Indian Factor

In the 1960s, most of the world was buying gold at an artificially low price of US$35. If Indians joined the gold-buying spree, the dollar would have collapsed decades ago. The success of Bretton Woods-I depended on blockading Indians from buying gold – which was effectively done by Morarji Desai. World’s largest buyers of gold, Indian buying would have emptied US Treasury in a few years.

Without Indian ‘help’ within 20 years, the Bretton Woods promise was broken. Redemptions of dollar for gold to individuals was stopped in 1968 (March15th). The Bretton Woods system worked for 20 years because Indians were not allowed to buy gold.

Hand In Glove

India’s finance minster during that crucial period, Morarji Desai, (on CIA payroll during Lyndon Johnson’s Presidency 1963-1968), presented a record 10 budgets, between February 1958, up to 1967. His adamant attitude on gold cost the government popularity and electoral losses – and the Indian economy and Indians much more. His break with Indira Gandhi began when the Finance portfolio was taken away from him.

True or untrue Hersh’s claim maybe, but Morarji Desai’s ban on gold imports allowed the sham of Bretton Woods to continue for 20 years. Was it a co-incidence that many of the RBI functionaries later got (and even now) plum postings at LSE (IG Patel) and BN Aadarkar (IMF)?

More was to follow …

Nixon Chop

On August 15th, 1971, the world got the Nixon Chop – where even Governments could not redeem dollar holdings. The dollar was put on float. In little time, dollar value depreciated from US$35 per ounce of gold to US$800 in 1980.

Over the next 20 years, through various clandestine methods (check out the Edmond Safra and the Yamashita stories links), gold prices were managed and brought down from US$800 (1980) to US$225 per ounce – but still 80% reduction in value of dollar value. Foreign reserves of poor countries got eroded. It was a gigantic fraud on the world – especially the poor, developing countries.

This was also done as a part of economic war against the Soviet Union – which was bankrupted due to low-gold prices during the 1990-2000 period.

Indians Not Allowed

From practically, 1939, (the start of WW2) gold imports into India were controlled or banned. This British legacy was continued by Indian Government and RBI. Many Gold control laws were enacted which stopped all legal gold imports into India.

With this, gold imports went underground.

Gold (illegal) imports (called smuggling) gave rise to biggest criminals that India has seen. Karim Lala, Haji Mastan, Varadarajan Mudaliar, Yusuf Patel, Tiger Memmon, Chota Rajan, and of course, Dawood Ibrahim – a biological son of a police constable Sheikh Ibrahim Kaskar, was spawned by Morarjee Desai’s laws.

These laws corrupted four generations of Indians Government and politicians. It made gold in India very expensive – and the Indian buyer remained in poverty longer.

Flip side

Since the amount was so small, just US$20,000, it may well be that Morarji was never bought. But by spreading this rumour, the US kept Morarji on leash. Important, considering the US stakes involved.

And Morarji Desai was a obstinate and recalcitrant man.

Dhume Baba Advises India

October 15, 2011 3 comments

60 years after Israel was formed they are still dependent on American aid. After 3000 years, Jews are on the verge of extinction. Dhume-Baba advises India to hitch the Indian star to the Israeli failed State.

Dhume-Baba’s piercing gaze

After 60 years of its existence, Israel still depends on US aid and US veto. And still at war in the Middle East. Some nation to be allied with, eh, Dhume Baba!

India on the other hand, has become a part of G20 nation, has hesitantly and in small amounts, started giving aid to nations like Afghanistan, some countries in Africa and in Asia, too. It is the 4th largest economy in the world – and is tied to no one’s apron strings. Fighting no one’s dirty wars.

Nearly.

After all this song-and-dance, Dhume points out something that 2ndlook covered 4 years ago. Why most Israeli youth wing their way to India?

Trust

Is there any one in the world who trusts Israel?

Not Europe. Asia – no one quite. Africa – does not care much for Israel. India is a different story. After 40 years of refusal to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) or Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), in mutual interest, decided to make an exception for India – and waive all their conditionalities for India.

Reputation

What is Israel’s reputation?

A nation that has used every dirty trick in the book – and many tricks that are not in the book, to evict the rightful Palestinian landowners, and settle Jews instead. Israel has tried on ‘best-efforts-basis’ to execute a slow-genocide program of the Palestinians – something that the Jews have themselves suffered.

After 3000 years, the Jewish social model has ensured, that they border on extinction. With 0.25% of world population, i.e. less than 1.5 crore Jews left, in a world of more than 600 crore people, they have made enemies of their neighbours around their country.

Is extinction the Jewish future?

India on the other hand adds 25 million every few months. What can India gain from Israel – except moral opprobrium?

And Dhume-Baba’s blessings, I presume.

After Nazi gas chambers, one would expect Israelis to have become more humane. Instead it seems to have brutalized them. (Cartoon by Latuff - 2007; courtesy and source - normanfinkelstein.com). Click for larger image.

After Nazi gas chambers, one would expect Israelis to have become more humane. Instead it seems to have brutalized them. (Cartoon by Latuff - 2007; courtesy and source - normanfinkelstein.com). Click for larger image.

Twitter / @dhume01: Aakash tablet fiasco

October 15, 2011 1 comment

Creating false agendas is a full time activity in the West. Sadanand Dhume uses his coconut brain to full effect.

Usual suspects

Sadanand Dhume comes out with his regular din.

India Government has got it wrong.

Akash should be gold-plated, have diamond edges and emerald buttons. All this at US$40. Poor students in India must not get any help from the Government. Let the market take care. Usual rants. Imbalanced and lacking depth.

Sure, the Indian Government gets a lot a lot of things wrong – like every other over-active State in the world does. But his silly criticism shines.

Especially, when he proposes the alternatives. China, Indonesia as nations that India can learn from. China, Indonesia – Semi-dictatorships, where the public-sector-oligarchy is going from strong-to-worse. Hardly, any examples to hold up.

But then can anything get through Dhume’s coconut shell, that he calls brains.

Creating false agenda's has become a full time job in the West. (Cartoon courtesy: polyp.org.uk). Click for larger source image.

Creating false agenda's has become a full time job in the West. (Cartoon courtesy: polyp.org.uk). Click for larger source image.

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